تحلیل و بررسی تصویر کبوتر در شعر خاقانی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار زبان و ادبیات فارسی دانشگاه اراک

2 زبان و ادبیات فارسی دانشگاه جیرفت

چکیده

مضمون‌پردازی و تصویرآفرینی دو هسته همراه و همیشگی شعر خاقانی‌اند که هنرنمایی خلاق، پویا و شگفت‌انگیز شاعر را به نمایش می‌گذارند. تصویر کبوتر در شعر او یکی از تصاویر تکرارشونده و کانونی است که با توده‌ای از خوشه‌های تصویری فرعی و جزئی در پیوند است. مهارت خاقانی در تصویرآفرینی با کبوتر، تنها در سطح بازی واژگانی محدود نمی‌شود بلکه در پشت این بازی‌های زیبا، نهایت تناسب، دانش وسیع شاعر، باورها و عقاید گوناگون مردم درباره کبوتر نیز نهفته است. این مقاله با هدف بررسی تصویر کبوتر در شعر خاقانی به این سوالات پاسخ می‌دهد: چه مضامین و تناسباتی در ارتباط با کبوتر در شعر خاقانی دیده می‌شود؟ چه تصویرهایی از کبوتر در شعر خاقانی دیده می‌شود؟ این مضامین و تصاویر چه اهداف و کارکردی دارند؟ روش تحقیق تحلیل محتوایی است که پس از استخراج تمام ابیاتِ مرتبط با کبوتر، پژوهش در دو محور مضامین مرتبط با کبوتر و تصویرآفرینی با کبوتر مورد تحلیل و بررسی قرار گرفت. ارتباط کبوتر با دیگر پرندگان، ویژگی و عادات کبوتر، باورهای مردمی درباره کبوتر از بحث‌های اصلی مربوط به محور مضمون‌پردازی با کبوتر می‌باشد؛ تشبیه، استعاره، تمثیل و حسن تعلیل شگردهای تصویرآفرینی خاقانی با کبوتر است.
 
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis and review of pigeon image in Khaghani poetry

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hojatollah Omidali 1
  • yousof asghari 2
1 Assistant Professor of Persian Language and Literature Dept, University of arak
2 jiroft uni
چکیده [English]

Thematic and imaging of the two cores are the khaqani poetry that portrays the creative, dynamic and marvelous poetry of the poet. The pigeon's image in his poem is one of the recurring and focal images that binds with a mass of minor and minor visual clusters. Khaqani's skill in pigeon-painting is not limited to lexical play But behind these beautiful games, the ultimate fit, the broad knowledge of the poet, the beliefs and beliefs of people about the pigeon is also lies. This paper responds to these questions with the aim of examining the pigeon's image in Khaghani's poetry: What are the themes and proportions associated with the pigeon in Khaghani poetry? What are the images of the pigeon in Khaghani poetry? What are the goals and functions of these themes and pictures? The research method is content analysis. After extracting all pigeon-related biotopes, research in two aspects related to pigeon-related themes and pigeon-shaped imagery was analyzed. The relation between the pigeon and other birds, the peculiarity and habits of pigeon, the popular beliefs about pigeon are the main debates on the pigeon-like thematic axis; it is a simile, metaphor, parable and a good explanation of the khaqani's pigeon's imagery.
 
  
1-Introduction 
 
The most important element of the artistic and central element of Khaghani's poetry is imaging. He uses the mindset, Pueb's thinking, and his vast cultural backing to make strange and innovative images. Khaghani "is originally a poetry that is pictorial and word-oriented, and the norms of thought and mentality in his speech have a smaller role than imagery." (Mahdouifar, 1391: 176) His poetry is gratifying and repulsive. Many people in the first encounter are disturbed by their poetry; but many people are enchanted by the marvelous attraction and the tangled layers of his poem, and so fascinated by the magnetism of his poetry, which is an escape and heart It's hard to get rid of.  The image of the pigeon in the Khaghani vault is one of the replicated and focal images that are linked to a mass of minor and minor images. The scope of image clusters associated with it is extensive. Khaqani, in connection with the pigeon, has not only used the tricky information for pigeon images, but he has also involved in various aspects of mythology, ritual, folkloric, and pigeon's habits. For the aesthetic analysis of the pigeon's image in the khaghani vain, it is necessary to examine all beliefs and concepts related to the pigeon, as well as all components and elements of the focal image and image clusters. Khaghani is a picture-maker poet. Discovering the originality of the image in his poems is a good yardstick for discovering his art and creativity.  The image of the pigeon in Khaghani's vault is a poet's portrayal of the poetry, which has benefited from its enormous intellectual and cultural backing for making vivid and innovative images. This research seeks to answer these questions: What is the image of the pigeon in Khagani's poetry? What are the themes associated with the pigeon in Khaghani poetry? What is the portrait of a pigeon in Khagani's poetry? What goals does Khaghani follow in this regard?
 
1- Research methodology
This research has been done by content analysis method. Thus, in the studies we had in Khaghani's poetry, we realized that Khaghani had a lot of attention to the pigeon, and made it an image of his own. That's why all the kayakan diva used in the pigeon were extracted. After that, the abilities were analyzed from the viewpoint of visualization and theatrical creation. The kind of view and attitude of each poet to the surroundings and surrounding environment can be considered in which large poets and style owners have a unique view. Finding out how poets look and understanding their horizons requires reviewing their poems. Khaghani, as a poet of the era of style and style, has been instrumental in making and modifying his poetry. The image of the pigeon in his poems has a high frequency. The purpose of this article is to examine the various dimensions of the pigeon's image in the poetry of this poet of the sixth century.
 
2- Discussion
Pigeon is a very social bird that has always been emphasized on the positive values of its symbolism for its beauty, optimism, style and glory. The image of the pigeon in Khagani's poetry can be viewed from two aspects of theatricalization and imagery. A) Themes with the doves: Khaghani has a highly proportional mindset in thematic, and every phenomenon emerges in the form of another phenomenon in his mind; therefore, the narrow and The subject in his poetry scenes is so large that the reader will gradually and with a great deal of reflection. The pigeon in Khagani's poems has many semantic and semantic proportions that can be considered in three main axes (1- the relation of the pigeon to other birds, 2- the shape and behavior, the habits and behavior of the pigeon, 3- beliefs and folk beliefs about the pigeon). B) Pigeon-style imagery: Khaqani, as one of the most influential poets of the Persian painting sculptor, has based his poetic language on the creation of strange and exotic images, metaphorical combinations, and other forms of imagination. The figurative image of the pigeon is in different layers of the khaghani. Its apparent layer is likeness. Metaphor, allegory and good reason for recalling other Khaghani imagery techniques in relation to pigeon.
 
3- Conclusion
The power of Khaghani's imaging and reproduction has given him a special fortune in his poetry; in so doing, everything that the poet attaches to his artistic achievements ultimately means fit and coherent. The pigeon is one of Khaghani's poetic images that has a significant frequency and has been listed seventy times in the poem of his poems. Each time, the poet offers a subtle, tangible and vivid picture of the pigeon. In the context of thematic content, the relationship between the pigeon and the other birds, the shape and icons, habits and eating of the pigeons, beliefs and beliefs of the people about the pigeon, etc., all have been created with a narrow look and mindset for a useful emulsion for the creation of the theme. In the field of imaging, given that he is originally an imaging poet, he uses all the great cultural, religious, and folk beliefs to create strange and innovative images. One of the most important forms of his poetic imagery in the image of Farini, related to the pigeon, is the likeness, metaphor, allegory, and well-known explanation.
  

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • khaghani
  • pigeon
  • themed
  • imaging