مقایسه ساختار سه منظومه ی عُروه و عفرا، ورْقه و گلشاه و لیلی و مجنون

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری زبان و ادبیات فارسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد ورامین – پیشوا – قرچک

2 استادیار گروه زبان و ادبیات فارسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد ورامین- پیشوا – قرچک

چکیده

داستان عُروه و عفراء، داستان عشق عذری عربی است عیوقی با اقتباس از منابع عربی، این داستان را به صورت منظومه ای عاشقانه در آورده و موضوع حماسه و عشق را با هم درآمیخته است. نظامی، با استفاده از روایت های عربی، داستان لیلی و مجنون را به نظم کشیده است. این منظومه ها: «عُروه و عفراء»، «ورْقه و گلشاه» و «لیلی و مجنون» ریشه در روایت عربی دارند هر سه نمایانگر عشق عذری اند و نگاه مردم سالاری جامعه ی عرب در مورد زن، ناکامی و مرگ، گره های کور هر سه داستان می باشد. این مقاله با روش تحلیلی - تطبیقی ماجراهای عاشق و معشوق را بررسی و مقایسه می نماید و جدول تطبیقی نقش مایه های هر سه روایت و نمودارهای حرکتی را ترسیم می نماید و به این سوال اصلی پاسخ می دهد که آیا می توان میان مضامین این سه روایت، رابطه ی مشخصی ایجاد نمود؟ نتایج حاصل از این پژوهش نشان می دهد که حضور اندیشه
عقل گرا، در انتخاب شخصیت ها و جایگاه آنان تأثیر فراوانی دارد. مضمون و نقش مایه های هر دو روایت ایرانی برگرفته از داستان «عُروه و عفراء» می باشد که هر دو نمودی از عشق عذری است.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of the structure of the three verses of Orve and Afra, Varge and Golshah, Lily and Majnoon

نویسندگان [English]

  • masoumeh shasti 1
  • ashraf chegini 2
  • mohammadali shafaei 2
1 PhD student of Persian Language and Literature, Islamic Azad University, Varamin - Führer - Qarchak
2 Assistant Professor of Persian Language and Literature, Islamic Azad University, Varamin-Pishva-Qarchak Branch
چکیده [English]

1. Introduction
One of the most famous literary forms is "Encyclopedia of Literature." In Persian and Arabic literature, this type of poem has become more widespread. The story of "Varghe and Golshah", based on the story of "Orve and Afra," is the first story of Arabic exorcism, and Ayooghi, a Persian poet, made it to the Farsi order in the fifth century, with the name Varghe and Golshah, and also epic and heroic themes. Added to it. On the other hand, the story of "Leyli and Majnoon" is similar to the Lilac and Golshah of Ayooghi derived from "Orve and Afra", which are of Arabic origin.
The comparative study of Persian love poems as an example, its measurements, and its position with other other systems, including Arabic and Russian, have been the main goals and issues of research in this field. In this research, we want to find out whether the poems of romance Farsi, have the ability to investigate with folkloric analytic theories, including the Arabic and Russian love poems. Therefore, the present research attempts to explore the romantic themes of these three fascinating stories with the model of the function of Vladimir Prop's personality and create a distinct relationship between these romantic poems. Since the poems of "Varghe and Golshah" and "Leyli and Majnoon" and "Orve and Afra" all represent love of excuse and purity, the quest for the adventures is that the adventures that occur for lover and beloved and the reactions of each Check it out and compare it. And the presence of rational thought and rational thinking and love, which is rooted in Iran's ancient civilization and culture, will be clearer in this study.
In addition to analyzing and interpreting the results of these stories, it will reveal some of the theoretical issues and the application of folklore structuralism and the importance of this method in Persian and Arabic, Russian and European fiction scripts, and the generalization and inclusion of folklore And whether these designs are global and general, or limited to certain areas or specific cultures, are the objectives of this research.
2-Research Method
This is a descriptive-analytical method and content analysis. The theoretical foundations of the research are based on the love of excitement and sources of Persian and Arabic literary riches and the work of the Vladimir Prop's Russian character. Since the story of Lilly and Majnon Military and Varghe and Golshah Ayooghi derived from Orve and Afra, which are of the original Arabic, this study, based on Arabic sources such as the book of Orve and Afra, narrate Asbat-e-bne eesa Alozri in the book of Aboul Faraj Isfahani and Varghe and Golshah Ayooghi and Lily and Majnon are military and in the function of the character of the story, relying on the book of Morphology of Vladimir Prop.
3-Discussion
Excitement love: love excellence is a love that lover and beloved, in addition to deep affection towards each other, must adhere to principles. Because among the Arabs, this kind of love is attributed to the tribe of Bani-Alozre of the tribes of Yemen's Qahtan, it is known for the love of exorcism. The love of pure exaltation or love was attributed to the tribal "Bani al-Zarra", which loves love with desires Material did not infect. The three couples belong to the most famous Arabic devotees: Orve and Afra, Qays and Lobni, Jamil and Bethinah (Karachofsky, 1368: 139).
Comparative study of romantic themes:
The careful examination of the role of the motifs and the acts of fiction of all three roman themes reveals that all three poems end up with a series of the motifs, events, and reactions of the characters of the story, all of which seeks to reveal the features and The themes of love are pure and amphibious, such as:
1. The beginning of love 2. On the mystery of love's love 3. Involve joiner 4. External deterrent factor:
in the story of Varghe and Golshaq → Poverty - In the Arabic narrative → Mahri Sangin - In the military narrative of turmoil → (Qase) Insane of Lilly's love 5. War for the lover 6. Traveling in love 7. Seeing lover and lover 8. The way to return and the reaction of the lover 9. Death of the lovers 10. The end of the story
4. Result
By comparing the course of events and adventures that occur for two lovers and beloved in the stories of "Lily and Majnoon" and "Lilac, Golshah," and "Orve and Afra", we have reached the main themes of love for excitement and tribal and tribal brigades Arabs and Ajam, and related to the ideals, manners and worldviews of this people, and depicted the character and the role of the three systems according to the Propp model.
As part of the story of the three stories, the narrators of the military story in Lilly and Majnoon, Ayooghi in Varghe and Golshah and Arabic and Arabic, tried to create a common logical course for their stories, with the themes. The three stories in essence represent the formation and the beginning of a pure and simple love in a tribal life with a picture of the rituals and traditions of the patriotic Arabs. However, military and intelligence bring the cornerstones of Iranian culture and thought into the story in order to make their story more attractive and sweet. On the other hand, primitive Arabic thought plays a significant role in the process of the adventures of three stories in the failure of love for exorcism.
With regard to the features and themes of love excuse, in all three stories, love starts from childhood (in school and in tribal space) gradually rising. The beginning of love and the revealing of the mystery of love comes from this era. After its disclosure, the process of events and adventures in each of the three stories brings the reader to himself, seeing the intervention of the excitement and inner hardships that are on the way to love, ultimately make this tragic love Slowly In all three stories, Arab zeal and fanaticism and coercion on the fate of Arab women are a deterrent. Lily, Golshah, and Afra are going to the dignity of a married couple under the influence of this factor. On the other hand, qais is open to joining his beloved, for the sake of being insane, lilly, and Varghe, and Orve for the crime of not having wealth and property (economic factor); factors outside the control of the lovers and the factors that are considered in the context of the neglected Arab culture.
After marriage, lover and beloved in all three stories are also deprived of their visit for a while, and this adds to the passion of the lovers of paralysis and the theme of loyalty to the lover and the continuity of his memory at all moments of love, which is one of the most important features Love is excitement, the better it is. Although the end of love in this world ends in the death of a lover and beloved, but in three stories, it is interesting to note that at the end of each of three stories, the victory of Azari and Afif love we are witness. Considering this end for all three stories reflects the attitude of the narrative unit to the love of excitement.
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کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Romantic themes
  • structuralism
  • exorcism
  • poetic tales