کاربرد انواع و اغراض کنایه در مقامات بدیع‌الزمان همدانی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار زبان و ادبیات عربی دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد زبان و ادبیات عربی دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان

چکیده

بدیع‌الزمان همدانی از نویسندگان زبردست عرب‌زبان در قرن چهارم هجری است که ابتکار فن مقامه‌نویسی را به‌نام خود ثبت کرده‌است. او در بخش‌هایی از مقامات خود با هنرمندی خاص، از اسلوب کنایه برای القای معانی بهره‌ برده‌است. کنایه اسلوب بلاغی است که نویسنده با بیان مبهم، مقاصد خود را بیان می‌کند. به‌عبارت‌دیگر، کنایه از اسلوب‌های بیان است که به روش مجاز به انتقال معانی می‌پردازد. این نوع مجاز قرینۀ مانعه ندارد و می‌توان معنای حقیقی را -با آنکه مدنظر نیست- در کنار معنای مجازی اراده کرد. این پژوهش در پی آن است که با بررسی کنایه در مقامات بدیع‌الزمان همدانی به روش توصیفی- تحلیلی، پاسخی برای این سؤال بیابد که نویسنده هنر پرداختن به کنایه را با چه اغراضی به‌کار برده‌است. نتایج تحقیق نشان می‌دهد که نویسنده انواع کنایات موردنظر علمای بلاغت را با اغراض مختلفی چون ترسیم امور معقول به محسوس، احترام، تفاؤل و تطیر، دلیل و برهان، ذم، فخر، استرحام، استهزاء، بزرگداشت، کراهت از ذکر نام، مدح، مبالغه و... به‌کار برده‌است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Application of Types and Thoughts of Calligraphy in Badia'Azaman Hamedani's

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad sheikh 1
  • zeinab barahu'i 2
2 M.Sc. Student of Arabic Language and Literature Sistan and Baluchestan University
چکیده [English]

Abstract
    Badi-ul-zaman is one of the tremendous writers of arabic language in the fourth century ( a.H ) which has recorded the art of maghame writing in his name . he has used his officials with a special skill of irony to induce meanings . irony is rhetorical style which the writer expresses in his purposes ambiguous expression . in other words , irony is one of the modes of expression which is a in a way license that is allowed to transfer meanings . this kind of authorized does not symmetrical mirror.
 it can be true - though it is not considered - in addition to virtual meaning . the purpose of  research is to find an answer to the question that the author used descriptive - analytical method to find the answer to the question that the writer used the art of dealing with check irony in maghemate badi-ul-zaman hamedani. ~~~ the results research show that the author uses types of irony with various purposes such as drawing reasonable to sensible , respect ,omen and bad omen ,reason and argument blaming and. Condemned pride.omen and
 Relax bathroom" ridicule,commemoration,reluctant to mention the name praise,exaggeration



 

 




Introduction
Rhetoric science and in particular the science of expression in the recognition of beauty and the deep understanding of the words of the literary profession plays a prominent role, because of the beautiful and beautiful means of using the rhetorical elements in the structure of theology. Ghayni style is used as one of the most important parts of the science of expression in its various forms in the literary works of the literary elders, as Badia'Azaman Hamedani has used it in his collection of authorities. There is an examination of the magnanimous verses with a variety of origins, which in fact the writer The non-textual and non-mysterious feature of this style has been used to express concepts and meanings for its intended purpose. On the one hand, Badia'Azaman  Hamedani, in order to express his intentions, has focused on various forms of expression, and on the other hand, theologians of the rhetoric have regulated the literary texts in literary texts and literary modes. This research seeks to provide the enthusiasts with an adaptation of the opinions of some scholars of rhetoric on the newly established authorities of Badia'Azaman Hamedani, with a focus on the style of rhythm, to learn more about rhetorical rhetoric and literary texts, and how to use the styles and types of it in The authoritative authorities will reveal and answer the following questions: Firstly, what types of indignation are in favor of the credibility of the devices and intermediaries in the authorities of Badia'Azaman? Secondly, how long has the oversight of the use of guilty designs been followed?
Research Methodology
 This is a descriptive-analytic study. The theoretical foundations of the research are based on the sources of the authorities of Badia al-Zaman Hamedani and rhetorical books such as Meftah Al-uloom Sakkaki, Al-Mathal al-Sair ibn al-asir, Mokhtasar al-Ma'ani Taftazāni and Javaher al-Balāghah Ahmad Hashemi. In this research, the analysis of the content of literary texts with a reliance on aesthetics and the accuracy of how we use our literary slap in the discovery of concepts and themes that are intended to be the main owner of the work.
Discussion
Badia-ul-Zaman is one of the Famous Arabic writers in the fourth century of the lunar who is rightfully known in this particular kind of literary mastery and innovator. The literary performance of this Arabic in the use of a variety of verbal and spiritual industries, while expressing admiration and admonition, has raised his prominence in this artistic arena. The compilation contains stories that have been read in meetings and circles with topics such as wisdom, preaching and begging. In this literary genre, the author embodies his word for a variety of verbal and syntactic industries and metaphors and similes. The structure of the Omnamah relies on the two elements of the narrator and hero of the story, and since the dialects have a social aspect; the audience is the general public; therefore, the author attempts to show the ugliness and disorforts of his community in order to be reformed as a social reformer. Corrupted by his time. An almighty has 51 titles, in which he talks about the imaginary personality of Abu Al Fateh Eskandari. He has named his authorities as cities and individuals or topics which are the main axis of his story, and his main goal is in addition to educational aspects , Showing its rhetoric and the rhetoric industry As is the case throughout the industry, he can be found in abundance, "rhyme, pun, balance, simile, metaphor, irony, ambiguity, allusion, metaphor stipulated and Mknyh and Proverbs" (Tabibian, 1392: 12)
Innuendo and its variants: Innuendo is a non-existent expression for the transmission of various concepts and purposes. In the nutshell, there is no need to talk about equipment and vehicles between necessities and to the other.
Tafazani says that the word is a shabby word of speech (Taftazani, 1391: 257), and Zamakhshari says: "It is a shame that it should
 
mention anything other than the one stated for it" (Zamakhshari, 555: 1427)
An excerpt in the rhetorical books has been divided into various forms and terms after the definition and expression of the lexical meaning:
The poem is divided into three categories in terms of the meaning to which it refers: the shadow of the meaning, the indignation of the trait and the indignation of the relation (Tafazani, 2008: 642)
The shout is divided into the validity of the intermediaries and the louis vuitton between the true and the true meaning of the four vows; the extension, the implicit, the cipher, and the ego (ibid., 646)
Ibn Aitra is one of the great eloquent scholars of the rhetoric that divides the calligraphy in a different way. He says that the phrases are divided into several ways: allegory, narration, proximity, and none (see Fazeli, 1365: 344)
The rhetorical rhetoric in the Badia al-Zaman authorities
Like other forms of rhetoricalism, it is accompanied by exaggeration, which is intended to be presented by the writer or theologian. At the same time, in the hands of his authorities, with good skill and ability, he used the omen for exaggeration, the most important of which are:
-Trust of reasonable things to tangible -Altitude -Tapture and trickery - Reason and argument - Dignity and condemnation - Fascism and pride - Sparham and Mehrjui - Mocking and waking - Prayer and wish of goodness - Expression of the end - Bowing and commemoration - Mankind of mentioning the name - Praise - exaggerated - puzzle plot
Conclusion
1. Types and types of allegations in the authorities of the Immaculate Conception, whether it is desirable and purposeful (adjective and attribute), both in terms of supplies and vehicles (extensions, implications, codes, symbols), are widely used. In the meanwhile, More than my name is. This may be due to the author's careful consideration of the characteristics and characteristics of individuals so that they can explain and better image issues and make meanings meaningful to the reader.
2- From the point of view of supplies and vehicles at the time of the reign of the times, it is more and more evident, and it seems that with this way of doing so, it seems that the modesty wants to transfer the latent meaning to the reader's mind more quickly and make it difficult and difficult to convey the reader's mind to the devil And avoids ambiguity.
3. Theological concepts are presented in the form of indentations in different periods of time, as the author writes for the reason, the plot of the puzzle, the commemoration, the aversion to the mention of the name, the meaning, the fiction, the exhortation, the exaggeration, the stroke, the disposition, the trickery, the mockery, the expansion, Azaz, Akram, and Endeavor
 
 
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کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Irony
  • rhetoric
  • Maghamat
  • Badi_o_zamane hamedani

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