عنوان مقاله [English]
The present article aims at exploring the common features between Lyric literature and Romanticism in the poems of Hafiz and Mihai Eminescu, the Romanian poet. It first discusses Romanticism and Lyric literature and then utilizes the analytical-descriptive method to provide a comparative literary analysis in the works of the two poets. A comparative study is carried out through giving evidences of the poets’ concentrating on such romantic features as “love”, “naturalism”, “orientalism”, “alienation and dissatisfaction caused by their contemporary world and situations”, “introversion”, “de-constructivism”, and “innovation in poetry”.
In Iranian poetry, “Qazal” is equivalent to the lyrics in Romanticism. Qazal was the major form of poetry in the 7th and 8th lunar-Hijra centuries in Iraqi Style for which Hafiz is a brilliant representative. The poems composed by Eminescu, well-known as the Romanian Shakespeare, from the Eastern Europe in the 19th century, hold all the Romantic features.
Mystical analysis of some important symbols in one of Eminescu’s famous poems revealed that his mystical symbolism in lyric poems has been expressed through allegorical short stories. In Hafiz works, however, the mystical symbols are expressed through utilizing expressions and brief allusions that best fit the Persian poetry. All these symbols revolve around the concept of “love”.