عنوان مقاله [English]
The comparative literature is a field of knowledge which compares the similar and different aspects of literary works in the different society and analyses the effects and influences of two or several works of art. These kinds of researches are usually done in different languages but other factors such as cultural and sociological background and lifestyle differences are taken into consideration in them. In comparative studies of narration, the similar and different aspects of themes, narrative elements and approaches are investigated.
Khosrow & Shirin of Nezami Ganjehei and it’s imitation Padmavat of Abd-ul-Shakoor Bazmi Dehlavi are two great literary works in Iran and India. This research shows that they have similar and different aspects of narrative structure. Both of them have originated from historical events and characters; however, Nezami’s narration pays more attention to story and Indian narration pays more attention to history. The narrator of Nezami’s story is an omniscient and the narrator of Indian work is a limited omniscient. Both of them have made use of the chronological and mental time but the chronological time is more dominant. There are some differences and similarities in both works In transmission of the time and place of the narration. The description of natural views and ritual ceremonies and characters in different forms play an important role in realistic aspects in both works.