نظامی گنجهای ازجمله منظومهسرایان برجستۀ ادبیات فارسی است که تأثیر شیوۀ داستانسراییاش بر شاعران پس از او کاملاً مشهود است. هفتپیکر نظامی گنجهای، چهارمین اثر برجستۀ اوست. وی در این اثر ازطریق داستانکهای رمزی، سیر اعتلایی انسان را در قالب داستان بیان میکند. «سفر» یکی از مضمونهای رایج در داستانهای عرفانی است که در آن سالک طی مناسکی با خلع لباس بشری، از حضیض نفس به اوج قطب نورانیاش دست مییابد. گنبد سیاه اولین داستان برجستۀ این اثر ادبی است که در این داستان، سالک در پی یافتن علت سیاهپوشی مسافر سیاهپوش، مشتهیات دنیوی را رها میکند و برای دریافت پاسخ سؤال خود، سفری را آغاز کند. البته این سفر برخلاف پژوهشهای پیشین، نهتنها نقشی در سقوط شخصیتی او ندارد، بلکه سالک با صعود به آسمان به دیدار معشوق ازلی نائل میشود؛ بنابراین این ضرورت ایجاب میکند تا ضمن اشاره به سیر اعتلایی سالک در این سفر، به روش تحلیلی و تفسیر داستان براساس مبانی عرفانی، به چگونگی دستیابی او به این مقامات و دلیل اصلی سیاهپوشی مردم شهر مدهوشان پاسخ دهیم.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Promise in the story of the "black dome" of the Nizami gangei closet Abstract
Djamal Al-Din ABU MUHAMMAD ILYAS b.Yusuf is the sixth century great poets and narrator. The influence of Nizam’s work on the subsequent development of Persian literature has been enormous. Not only his unique style but also his profound effect on other poets is obvious. The Haft Paykar is the fourth course of his poetic idea. Using code of human’s transcendence, them of most “flash fiction” is journey, imaginary aspect. To find out way back to his orgin , whitin undergoing rituals, Wayfarer( Salik) ,in these journies, passes several valleys so that he reaches high peak of luminosity from depth of soul.
Through analytical method, the paper interprets content based on the mystical foundations of text.
The black dome is the first story of the Haft Paykar’s ladies whose analysis is an important issue. On the contrary past researches that indicate wayfarer’s falling of the personality, the present study shows this journey is a mean of ascension and transcendence. Journey doesn’t have a negative consequence in it, but, the journey makes wayfarer ascend heaven to meet the eternity beloved .The king, in this spiritual journey, convey boundless enthusiasm that emerges in the black passenger to return his origins. He steps in a circle of progression in the path and, while power of compassion encompasses him, In every stage, by eliminating the contamination of the senses, it finds that it is possible to cast a burqa out of a curtain,looks at the wayfarer and sees the signs and wonders of the realm of the kingdom. This mode is called mystic interpretation and intuition. There are changes in the personality of the wayfarer ,which are formed in three stages. In The stage of the call, the first stage of” progression in the path”,wayfarer decides to change inside and outside unfavorable situation.In the same way,a kind of inner temptation tries to make wayfarer gives up his decision .Meanwhile, the mentioned stage the ‘director must be required to awake the wayfarer’s seductive psyche while uncovers its mysterious mystery in the world of affairs At this juncture, wayfarer concludes that the mortal universe is not his official, so the craving to his original source is prompted in his heart in way that Shah decides to put in effort to find out his answer the answers. (This determination [tells] a deep desire for internal change. This stage begins in the story of the black dome when a black man comes to the king's presence. Therefore, by gaining some kind of knowledge the wayfarer begins his inner journey to achieve perfection, which is necessary to provide spiritual reciprocity. It is not possible unless through the “progression in the path”, thus, the wayfarer must go through the levels and authorities to achieve it In the aftermath of this transformation, he will achieve self-cultivation, which is interpreted in mysticism as evaporation and analysis, respectively. Therefore, the king, in search of the discovery of his own darkness, decides to abandon the world of monarchy and conspiracy, and move to the clear horizons in search of a secret secret slowly. To get a clue of the existing fact. The Shah must go to the planet to enter the next stage and cultivates the soul, (evolution). The sky in this story (the story of the black dome) is a big boon The place where the ghosts climb right. In the sky, the king descends on a lush and beautiful land within a half-day; A crowd of Houris with a beautiful lady suddenly attracted his attention. These women are manifestations of divine nature and promising joining him; that the wayfarer for divine knowledge should see their beauty The king at the same meeting wants to join the queen, but in pursuit of such a status, the seeker must go through the levels and authorities to achieve it In the aftermath of this transformation, he will achieve self-cultivation, which is interpreted in mysticism as evaporation and analysis, respectively. Therefore, the king, in search of the discovery of his own darkness, decides to abandon the world of monarchy and conspiracy, moving to the clear horizons in search of a secret .To get a clue of the existing fact. The king at the same meeting wants to join the queen, but in pursuit of such a status, the wayfarer must learn the philosophy of patience that entails the pleasure of connecting. This land is a (Agitation Office ) who is trait of” possessor spiritual states”. Therefore,as he is not allowed to stop him permanently its ruler is in any case condemned to return. (So asking for a visit and joining with him is not an answer anything than ‘You will not see me".
Haft Paykar is the fourth revolutionary circle of Nizami's poetic idea in which he explains human's transcendence in form of mystical ascension. It involves in three ways in which wayfarer not only achieves mystical stations but also finds out what makes the city silent and wearing in black is anything than comprehension of the spiritual unveiling
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