عنوان مقاله [English]
In the modern era, the components of cultural identity-making underwent changes and transformations. It seems that in this social and cultural mess, women were more influenced by new cultural and social values than men and they had an identity crisis. The novel “Wandering Island” and its second volume “The Wandering Camel-Rider” describes the complex political-social-cultural situation of the country in the inflamed years before the Islamic Revolution and the early years after that until the beginning of the war, from a woman's perspective which is associated with Women's identity crisis. The present study has been compiled in a descriptive-analytical manner and based on library sources and tries to reveal the process of self-knowledge and identity crisis of women with a modern approach and analysis of historical-political-social-cultural conditions in two novels by Simin Daneshvar. to answer the question: What effect has the socio-political situation in Iran, along with the arrival of modern components, had on the crisis of women's identity and their bewilderment? Studies show that the crisis of women's identity in these novels, leads to nobility and deprivation, confrontation between tradition and modernity, Westernization and Westernism, the influence of modern schools of thought, confrontation of religious beliefs and feminist views.
The modern novel is a field for searching, discovering identity, and re-reading social and cultural issues. The Persian novel has opened a new window for readers to understand the historical, political, social and cultural structure of society. The protagonist of the new world, or rather the protagonist of the novel, is a problematic person, and the novelist narrates his relationship with the world around him. “The process of the inner form of the novel is the march of the problematic person towards himself, in a way that leads the person from vague servitude to a completely heterogeneous and merely existing and meaningless reality to a clear knowledge of himself” (Lukács, 1397: 75).
2- Research methodology
The present research has been compiled in a descriptive-analytical manner and based on library sources.
In the novel “Wandering Island” and its second volume, “The Wandering Camel Rider”, the Wandering and the Crisis of Women's Identity are depicted from the perspective of a woman in the inflamed and ambiguous years before the Islamic Revolution and the early years of the Revolution until the beginning of the imposed war. In this unsettled situation and socio-political turmoil, the arrival of modern components intensifies the process of confusion and crisis of women's identity. Discovering the true identity and inner contradictions of women in these two novels is depicted as a constant struggle with themselves and the world around them, to find their true identity. They want to evaluate themselves in order to discover their identity. Including Hasti (the first character of the story) who is always exploring to reach his true identity and is faced with confusions along the way. Hasti is a bewildered girl who is, in fact, without a unified and cohesive identity, and this confusion and bewilderment is a reflection of the bewilderment of man in the modern age, whose historical, social and cultural conditions have turned him into a mixture of identity crises.
In the novels “Wandering Island” and “The Wandering Camel Rider”, the political, social and cultural realities of the years before the Islamic Revolution and the early years of the Revolution to the beginning of the imposed war are depicted, which is accompanied by confusion and crisis of women's identity. The main character of these two scholarly novels is a bewildered woman who is, in fact, without a unified identity, and this confusion is a reflection of the bewilderment of man in the modern age, whose political, social and cultural conditions have turned him into a mixture of identity crises.
The most obvious aspect of socio-political confusion in the novel is the image of aristocratic and prosperous life in the face of poverty and deprivation. The influence of modern schools of thought, the confrontation of religious beliefs and disbelief in it, the confrontation of patriarchal views and feminism, all of which in some ways have greatly influenced the crisis of identity and bewilderment of women, especially the first character of the novel.
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